Workshop The ‘Street’ Bound Dwelling_Max Risselada

When: Saturday April 20th, 10.00-17.00h
Where: FUCOAM, Piamonte, 23
Directed by: Max Risselada
Professors: Max Risselada and Marta Pastor

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This is a workshop about communication and how to communicate about our discipline between ourselves. For this purpose we will look at some exemplary relative small housing projects produced during the last decennia and first try to understand their ordering and structure and afterwards try to explain these to each other by means of drawings and/or models.

Although small they are rich in the way they deal with the relation between the individual dwelling and the city. Or better, between the ‘private’ and the ‘public’, both within the dwelling, the collective of dwellings as in the relation between the built and the un-built. .

The emphasis should be on the following progression:

  The order, structure and experience of the individual dwelling
  Their combination in bigger entities in relation to their accessibility as organized and experienced
  The collective spaces as organized and experienced both inside the built entities (entrance halls, collective ways of access like stairs, galleries, corridors, decks etc, parking, storage) as outside (court, street, neighborhood, city)
  And how these three levels relate to each other, both as a designed project and as real experience!

In each of these instances the tension between the private and the collective should be considered in all three levels mentioned above, to give meaning to the idea of both homecoming and belonging.

It is obvious that these aspects are more critical in housing with a high density and therefore we study some projects in this category, which deal in different ways with the vertical dimension and the relation from the individual dwelling to the ‘ground’.

The projects chosen are very much related to my own experience in teaching in the northern hemisphere of Europe, where housing as collective experience was already seriously considered both by the state as by planners, urban designers and architects since the beginning of the last century, when the relation between the private and the public was thought as both a social as a spatial issue.

The projects to be studied can be divided into 4 categories:

1. Transformations of the Perimeter Block
.   Otto Steidle - Wienerberggrunde Estate, Vienna, 1993
.   Atelier 5 -   Siedlung Ried 2. Bern, 1990
.   IAUS (Frampton et all) - Marcus Garvey Park Village, NY, 1976

2. Additions to the Perimeter Block with an autonomous building
.   OMA - Friedrichsstrasse Berlin, 1969
.   Otto Steidle - Rudesheimerplatz, Berlin, 1983
.   Gameren/Mastenbroek - Apartment block, Nijmegen, 1990

3  The free standing building
.  Christiaanse/Zaayer - Lot 25 Dedemsvaart Road, the Hague, 1992
.  Jean Nouvel  - Nemausus complex, Nimes, 1987

4  The Mat building
.   Roland Rainer - Puchenau  Housing 1, Vienna, 1969      
.   Atelier 5 – Rain Park Brugg, Switserland, 1971
.   Werner Seligman – Housing in Ithica, USA, 1971